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The Nikola Tesla Guide to Digital Customer Experience

Think Digital and it would be an atrocity of the gravest nature to not remember the person responsible for the technology that makes Digital possible today. Wireless, electricity, radio (no, not Marconi), radar, rotating magnetic field, components that go into making of a computer; Nikola Tesla!

digital customer experience

A remarkable futurist, a prodigious polyglot (he could fluently speak 8 languages), and an erratic innovator, Tesla was the man who invented the twentieth century. It would be appropriate to say that no other inventor thought for the people as much as Tesla did. He wanted to give the world free power that would be wirelessly transmitted and thus, end power crisis forever. He understood and implemented user and customer experience long before the terms were even coined.

As Tesla predicted centuries ago, digital has indeed become our reality. Businesses know this. They know that as the digital touchpoints increase, so do customer expectations. However, businesses in their rush to claim the digital vertical are vigorously (but most of the times, mindlessly) bouncing off concepts and ideas they don’t even understand. There is a greater need for convergence of these touch points onto a level field, something we like to call omni channel experience or customer-360. But we must primarily understand that customers are not entirely the devices they use. When we say that customer perception is the CX reality, we must take into account the fact that perception and experience are as diverse as human emotions.

As software evolves, so does the customer. Strangely though, not all businesses have been able to adapt to this change. Forrester surveyed 61 companies on their Digital Business Readiness. The chart tells the shocking tale:
digital-assessment-forrester

So far, there is no one specific definition of digital customer experience*. For all we know, it could point the phenomena of blurring the lines between physical and online worlds. Then again, it could also mean mapping and improving upon customer journey across multiple channels.

Goes without saying, it’s no easy feat, delving into the world of digital customer experience and emerging with a winning strategy. But, if you are looking for one, for your business, but don’t know where to start, let Tesla’s timeless lessons be your point of initiation.

#1 Don’t rush to carry out that crude idea

In his autobiography, My Inventions, Tesla talks about his method of approach to an idea:

My method is different. I do not rush into actual work. When I get an idea, I start at once building it up in my imagination.

Dr. Don Norman, when he coined the term ‘user experience’, had this in mind: “I invented the term because I thought human interface and usability were too narrow. I wanted to cover all aspects of the person’s experience with the system including industrial design, graphics, the interface, the physical interaction, and the manual. Since then the term has spread widely, so much so that it is starting to lose it’s meaning… user experience, human centered design, usability; all those things, even affordances. They just sort of entered the vocabulary and no longer have any special meaning. People use them often without having any idea why, what the word means, its origin, history, or what it’s about.”

How well do you know your UX from CX or more recently, DX?

As much as we like to define the world around us in Orwellian Newspeak-like words and acronyms, these concepts mean more than just the dissection of the popularly used ciphers.

According to the Forrester report titled ‘Why you need a Digital Customer Experience Strategy’, “companies say that digital touchpoints are critical to their customer experience efforts but don’t have an approach for multi-touchpoint experience, don’t know customer’s’ expectations, and don’t know how to represent their brands. The problem is only getting more challenging as users’ demands widen across an expanding array of digital touchpoints”.

Not having a proper understanding of the digital customer, in the age of the customer, is lethal to any business. Businesses can no longer work in silos and expect to make an everlasting  mark on their customers’ lives.

Thankfully, Tesla has an answer: Analytics.

He says: “There is scarcely a subject that cannot be mathematically treated and the effects calculated or the results determined beforehand from the available theoretical and practical data. The carrying out into practise of a crude idea as is being generally done is, I hold, nothing but a waste of energy, money and time.

Ernst and Young conducted a survey of over 100 leading US and global brand organizations to understand their approach to personalization strategies and execution through the use of digital and multichannel analytics. They found that “understanding how digital customer segments respond to content directed to them leads to continuous cycles of targeting and content refinements. This leads to development of better rules that enable serving of content to increasingly more granular and discrete customer groups”.

Salesforce research on 2015 State of Service trends validates that best service teams are 3x more likely to be outstanding or very good at using analytics:

analytics_salesforce

“Digital analytics is not just web analytics anymore,” says Phillip Kemelor, author of the EY report on Personalization. He adds, “Data encompasses social, email and mobile”.

Mapping customer journeys. Analysing customer behaviour. Understanding the needs of the customer. Data makes it all possible. And this data is the newest weapon that any business can use to disrupt digital customer experience.

#2 Harness the ‘energy’ around you

Most persons are so absorbed in the contemplation of the outside world that they are wholly oblivious to what is passing on within themselves.” – Nikola Tesla

*The closest, and perhaps the most practical definition of Digital Experience (or Digital Customer Experience or DX) I have come across is how Scott M. Fulton III of CMS Wire likes to put it:

Digital experience is the principal criterion that customers use to judge the value of engaging with an organization electronically.

DX is not the interface. It is not the content. It is not a database or a CMS or an ERP, nor the products of any of these. It’s not a platform.

It’s not the verbiage you’re reading from me now.

It is the culmination of what customers take away from their exchanges with businesses: their inspirations, their motivations, their incentives to act, purchase and invest.

He also talks about a report on “The Integration Imperative of Digital Experiences,” where Forrester analyst Mark Grannan suggests that the top three barriers organizations face in delivering experiences to customers are organizational rather than technological.

Nikola Tesla spent a lot of time in self contemplation and introspection. And what applies to his person applies to the people as a whole, and therefore also to organizations and businesses. He makes note of it saying, “it [concentrating attention upon myself] has taught me to appreciate the inestimable value of introspection in the preservation of life, as well as a means of achievement.

The problems faced by organizations today are borne out of the rush to provide short-lived, single-serve mobile experiences to customers, not considering whether or not their internal systems are in sync with such a move. Hence, it becomes critical to have effective governance within the organization to collaborate better with customer experience teams. More companies now realise the importance of integration and convergence of the various enterprise verticals in order for customer experience to be successfully achieved.

According to Forrester report on Digital Customer Experience Governance Demystified,

“digital customer experience governance maintains stakeholder focus on strategy. It enables good decision-making by prioritizing projects based on stated objectives and tracks progress toward those goals”.

good_digital_governance_forrester

Consequently, bad digital governance results in low productivity and bears high costs to the organization.

 

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Therefore, it becomes all the more important to introspect your business, unify internal processes and align goals in order to achieve a holistic digital transformation and create a memorable digital customer experience.

#3 Being crazy is good

There are inventors. And then there are crazy guys who dissemble the whole world and achieve the impossible with their bizarre ideas. They set into motion a new line of thoughts and ideas, ones that have never been thought of before.    

There are brands that do good. Then there are brands that do crazy good. These are the disruptors, the innovators, the revolutionaries and the new thinkers. These are the brands people talk about and customers love.

Nordstrom.

Nordstrom-wikimedia-commons

A century into existence now, Nordstrom, a leading fashion specialty retailer, has had one purpose: to provide a fabulous customer experience by empowering customers and the employees who serve them. The company started investing in new technologies as early a 1900s. According to HBR, “the persistent digitization of Nordstrom’s business has allowed the company to grow revenues by more than 50% in the last five years. The company is growing sales in both full-price and off-price businesses through both online and traditional channels.” Now that’s what we call futurism!

Amazon.
Amazon_logo_wikimedia

Amazon believes in obsessing about the customers. Even amidst attempts at bad publicity caused by the NYT article about Amazon’s allegedly dystopian work culture,  the company has been amazing it’s customers for a very long time. So much so that it has become a synonym for customer experience done right. Being a first generation internet business, Amazon has almost single-handedly heralded ecommerce into the digital space. It’s ambitions of inventing the future are echoed in its various processes aimed entirely at wowing the customers. Needless to say, people vouch for the company.

Uber.

uber_flickr_cc

An excellent example of digital disruption done rightly and timely. Uber has changed the way we hail cabs. Although faced with allegations of being poorly run and unmindful of its drivers, and even facing opposition in many countries, Uber still remains a favorite amongst millennials all over the world; it even allows drivers to rate their passengers! Uber believes in creating magical customer experiences and with digital at it’s heart, Uber is changing the way customers behave.

#4 Don’t ignore those little flashes of ingenuity

Tesla was a master builder in the truest sense. All through his lifetime, he was faced with life-threatening situations. And yet, the inventor would always find his way out owing to his power of observation and resourcefulness. On one of his many bathing trips to the river, he was faced with a dangerous situation where he was stuck under a huge floating structure with no room for coming up to catch his breath. “At that moment, when my situation seems absolutely hopeless, I experienced one of those flashes of light and the structure above me appeared before my vision.

That is exactly the kind of vision businesses need today. There is so much data out there, a new research sprouts every second. Each report is valuable in it’s way, so it is important to realise what works for you and how to make sense of it. One size doesn’t fit all is the fitting cliche to go by. WHile you can rely on externally generated data, you must also realise that you understand your customers best.

Experience Mapping.

We must embrace the truth that customers don’t care about anything that we are discussing here. They don’t need to know about digital customer experience as long as their needs are met across multiple channels. But that doesn’t mean we can ignore it.

Adaptive Path’s guide to Experience Mapping is a wonderful resource. It says that “customers are increasingly choosing products and services based on the quality of the experiences they have with them.”

There are four steps to mapping the customer journey cross channel-wise:

four_steps_expereince_mapping

“Rigor in your research and creativity in your mapmaking should lead to the use of your experience map as a strategic tool  for multiple planning and execution cycles.”

 #5 Think ahead of your time

In the June of 1865, when Smiljan, Croatia was being visited by the annual beetles (May-bugs or June-bugs), a 9-year old Tesla had an ingenious idea. He filled a glass jar with the buzzing bugs and glueing the live insects to rotatable structure, set the rotor spinning vigorously. He understood then that his latest invention would usher in an era where humans could abandon all human labour.

Digitally speaking, constant innovation is imperative. But more than that, constant disruption is another key to stay ahead of your competition. There are companies Forrester calls ‘digital disruptors’, that are born off internet and are threatening businesses all over the world. They have the power to steal your customers with their digital edge. I suggest we all listen to what Microsoft COO Bob Herbold rightly said: disrupt your business before someone else does.

Salesforce’s research on 2015 State of Service customer trends says that “high-performing service teams are capitalizing on the opportunities of predictive customer service. In fact, 55% of high performers say they can predict customer service needs more than 80% of the time — 3x more often than the rest.”

salesforce_high_performers

Hack into your own growth before someone else does.

Gartner predicts:

“By 2017, 50% of consumer product investments will be redirected to customer experience innovations.”

Think beyond what the world is thinking. Think beyond digital if you have to.

Stay relevant. Stay new. Stay fresh.

Take a look at the following diagram by Forrester, that lays out the preliminary steps a business must take when forming a Digital Customer Experience Strategy:

dcx-strategy-forrester

Also,
dx_strategy_forrester

For a truly digital company of the 21st century, there is no bigger return than the return on experience(ROE); beautiful, relevant, fresh experiences that the company creates for its customers. This return on experience may be summed up by the passion which Nikola Tesla used to feel for his inventions:

I do not think there is any thrill that can go through the human heart like that felt by the inventor as he sees some creation of the brain unfolding to success… such emotions make a man forget food, sleep, friends, love, everything.

Tesla’s remarkable contribution to science and to our lives can’t be replicated, but as long as businesses all over the world will continue to delight people by providing great digital customer experiences, Tesla’s legacy will live on!

If you have an idea on implementation of a successful digital customer experience strategy, or would like to share your views on DX, comment below or write to us: marketing@netsolutionsindia.com.

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Credits and references:

Digital customer experience – connecting the dots by J-P De Clerck

Using Analytics to Personalize Your Digital Experience by Matthew Brodsky

Nordstrom store image via Wikimedia Commons

Amazon logo via Wikimedia Commons

Uber gift card image by L.A.Foodie/CC Flickr

Four steps to mapping the customer journey image by Adaptive Paths

Salesforce 2015 State of Service Report

Forrester report on Digital Customer Experience Governance Demystified

Forrester report on ‘Why you need a Digital Customer Experience Strategy’

My Inventions and Other Writings by Nikola Tesla, Penguin Classics 2011 Edition

Tesla thinker featured image via Wikipedia

About the Author
Abhay V
Abhay Vohra has over ten years of experience in the IT industry. Abhay started out with us a Quality Analyst and moved onto the Business Analysis team where he discovered his passion for information architecture, wireframes and user experience. He also has solid experience in Business Analysis and is now a day researching rapid prototyping methods. Abhay is bit of a “Culture Vulture” and takes a lot of interest in world cinema and literature.

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